Diabetes Mellitus is a medical condition that results from an uncontrollable high blood sugar. About one in eleven adults worldwide have been affected by this condition.
Doctors currently treat diabetics as either type 1 or type 2. Type 1 diabetes which is usually diagnosed in children is an autoimmune disorder resulting in the body’s inability to produce insulin while in type 2, the insulin produced is either not enough to meet the body’s demand or doesn’t work well.
However, a new study has proposed that separating diabetes into five different cases rather than two, may help to better adjust early treatment for patients. This study was conducted in Sweden and Finland and was published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal.
The research was conducted on 14,775 recently diagnosed patients. The research team discovered five distinct clusters of diabetes which included three severe and two mild forms of the disease. They also looked into the type of treatments given to each group of patients and argued that if their discoveries were correct, many may not have been receiving the appropriate treatment.
Contrary to type 1 diabetes, type 2 which is mostly brought on by poor lifestyle choices especially in diet and exercise, could be prevented.