The English name derives from Turband, tolibant or tulipant, all variations of the flower tulip, suggested by the design of the folds.
An important detail in wrapping it is to leave the forehead bare so that when prostrated at prayer the wearer’s head touches the ground. It is considered a crime in Mohammedan countries for the unbeliever to wear this type of head dress.
The turban varies in shape, size, folds and colour according to degree of rank, race, profession and locale.
Mohannedans have described as many as sixty-six different types. A controversial theological question revolves, especially in hot climates, around how soon after prayer the scarf may be removed. The skullcap is usually worn at work. Both men and women of the Mohammedan faith wear the tarboosh, Arabic for the brimless felt skullcap, a cap of Greek origin. The Egyptian wraps a scarf around his tarboosh and certain Indian races drape it round the Kullah, the Persian name for the pointed skullcap.
The Turkish fez, usually red and tufted with a blue or black tassel, got its name from Fez, chief city of Morocco. It was supposed the dull crimson hue produced by the juice of a berry which grew in the vicinity could not be procured elsewhere, but in recent times the red cap was successfully made in France and Turkey.
When the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453, they adopted, with modification, the Byzantine costume including the Greek cap. But the headdress of the followers of Mohammed, was turbaned to be draped in folds round the cap, thus signifying right of conquest.
The westerners have simulated it as a fashionable ladies hat. During the 1960s, through to the 1980s, this type of hat was particularly popular. Currently, it would be considered in the category of another hat style, so it bobs up from time to time.
This type of hat is commonly used by cancer patients effected by chemotherapy hair loss, as the style covers the entire head and is made from any type of fabric. It can be a soft fabric covered hat or one that is more structured and the fabric is permanently draped over a blocked canvas base.
In ancient Africa it was either wrapped as a long lengths of fabric wound around the head to form the turban or in various designs.
In present day, Turbans are fashion trend which goes beyond using it for the sick or religious purpose but also for classy event and occasion.