Almost all the major systems of your body depend on water to work properly. Drinking Plenty of water through out the day especially when drank within short periods such as when exercising, after running or after a day filled with stress leads to over hydrating. Drinking of water helps to regulate the body temperature which helps to prevent constipation and flush waste product out and other important functions but the moment that water exceed the its need it the body it becomes a potential problem that leads to a deadly condition, one that can throw off the balance between water and sodium in your blood(hyponatremia)
The amount of water in the body is controlled by 2 processes: Urine Production in the Kidneys & the thirst response. When water is more than the kidney can rid of in the Urine it causes the body to collect to much water, and ones the body is unable to get rid of this excess water it becomes dangerous and throws off the balance in the blood.Excessive fluid intake does not stop fatigue, muscle cramps or heat stroke
Over hydrating is caused by drinking too much water from a conscious act to an unconscious act which results to water retention and medical condition such as:
Liver Disease (Cirrhosis)
Congestion Heart Failure
Syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone (SIADH)
Coco Ballantyne states that Liquid H2O is the Sina Qua Non of life, making up to 66 percent of the human body as water runs through the body and blood inhabits the cells and links space in between them.
In 2014, A young High School football player dead from overhydrating. Zyrees Oliver, a 17year old football Player at Douglas Country high school outside Atlanta collapsed after football practice and hours later fell into comma, he was later removed from life support in a hospital in Marietta. He had no brain activity. Oliver was declared dead a short time later.
Physicians say that the teen experienced massive swelling on the brain due to over hydrating. The family noted that the youth drank 2 gallons of water and 2 gallons of gatorade after football practice. Dr. Mark Flodin States that ‘’ whenever you drink too much water especially when done rapidly, the water shifts into cells causing the cells to swell and the cell dies. In the football players case the brains is in a rigid box and has no place to go so when it swells the brain dies rapidly.
Drinking large quantities of water in a short period of time can throw off the body’s balance of electrolytes, causing brain swelling and leading to seizures, coma, or even death. When a person drinks too much water in a short period of time, The kidney cannot flush it out fast enough and the blood becomes waterlogged, Therefore while exercising, running or tired from the days activities you should balance what you drink with what you sweat to avoid the deadly effect of having excess water in the body.But exercise calls for an extra 1.5 to 2.5 cups while during warmer temperatures and pregnancy people should drink more. There is no universal rule about how much water is too much, but the Mayo Clinic in New York suggests drinking at least eight 8-ounce glasses of fluid a day – equivalent three and a third British.