The World Health Organisation (WHO) is unprepared to deal with crisis like the Ebola outbreak and requires fundamental change, supported by an increase in funding, experts warned Tuesday. More than 11,000 people have died from the highly infectious Ebola virus in the past 18 months, most of them in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea, where it continues to claim lives. In a critical report, a UN appointed panel of independent experts said the WHO was too slow in declaring a global public health emergency on August 8, 2014, five months after the outbreak had taken hold. It “tends to adopt a reactive, rather than proactive approach to emergencies” and failed to act on the warnings of experienced staff on the ground, the panel said. In the early months of the crisis, Director-General Margaret Chan and senior staff also failed to show the “independent and courageous decision making” required to deal with governments of the countries affected, it said. “The panel is convinced that WHO must make fundamental changes, particularly in terms of leadership and decision making processes, in order to deliver on this mandate,” the report concluded. The panel declined to call for any resignations at the WHO and warned that part of the problem was that it’s purchasing power had fallen by one third since 2000. Barbara Stocking, the head of the panel, recommended that regular member state contributions be increased by five percent and called for a separate $100 million emergency contingency fund.