Pope Francis on Saturday attacked “the atmosphere of war” currently besetting the world as he urged Bosnian’s to pursue reconciliation efforts, 20 years after a conflict that ripped the country apart. Many conflicts across the planet amount to “a kind of third world war being fought piecemeal and in the context of global communications, we sense an atmosphere of war,” the pontiff said in a mass at Sarajevo’s Olympic Stadium during a one day visit to the Bosnian capital. “Some wish to incite and forment this atmosphere delibrately,” he added. “But war means children, the women and the elderly in refugee camps, it means forced displacement, destroyed houses, streets and factories: above all countless shattered lives. You know all these well having experienced it here.” The pontiff had earlier referred to Sarajevo, with its synagogues, churches and mosques side by side, as a European Jerusalem”, a crossroads of cultures, nation’s and religions which required “the building of new bridges while maintaining and restoring older ones.” Around 40 percent of the population of Bosnia is of Islamic heritage, just over 30 percent are from the Serbian Orthodox tradition and around one in ten, almost uniquely Croats, describe themselves as Catholics. Francis is the second Pope to visit Sarajevo after John-Paul II, who braved a snowstorm to come two years after the end of the war.